Researchers believe that the 2011 ideology is a mix of cyber-anarchism, antiglobalization, and populism similar to the one found in Russia and America during the 19th century.
The Anonymous mask symbolizes the new type of revolution (anarchopopulism). It has been seen on the streets of Cairo and other places. The new ideology that has emerged is grounded in the anti-globalization movements which were first noticed in the 1990s, but also in the year 2000. Movements that rejected the power of the media and promoted the idea of collectiveness through popular assemblies that took place in every neighbourhood. But, there is an important distinction between anti-globalization movements and movements that focus on squares like those that were revived in Greece, etc.
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The anti-globalization campaign was, naturally, against global neo-liberalism and its main exponents, such as the International Monetary Fund, the World Trade Organization, etc. The square movements were directed at the oligarchy in the country, as was the case for the Aganaktismenoi movement in Greece. The idea of ideological purity simply was not the case. People of all ages were part of the movements of squares where they discussed publically and shared their opinions with other people. Their aim was to achieve more transparency and justice in the system of political decision-making.
Due to the economic crisis, the “contract” between the ruling class and the citizens was shattered. The neoliberal elites created artificial economic crises that don’t save all. This has resulted in millions of people in poverty, and extremely poverty (Greece is an example of this). The government no longer guarantees prosperity.
Social media is a major instrument of the emerging ideologies and movements. They use it to broadcast messages that enrage citizens and protect them against austerity measures (see also anti-auction movement, Greece). These movements’ communication campaigns reveal the political and financial scandals, middle-class poverty, and the oppression of the government.
A two-pole system is created – common people against the elites, common people who want democracy and fight against totalitarianism. The relationship between the Left is now competitive, and the Left is fighting these movements. The economy has two main goals providing social services and guarantee a minimum income. However, the new ideology, which is opposed to globalization movements seeking to end capitalism, stresses the reduction of inequality at the national/local and local levels.
The current political system cannot match this new concept. I believe it’s incorrect to label this new ideology populist in the sense the chauvinistic nationalism.
Inability to comprehend the new framework of thought is also the main cause of the collapse of many political parties and coalitions that exist today. In Greece, this collapse is evident through the mass debate and the creation of many small parties,which are, however, unable to fully grasp the new paradigm however they believe in traditional political terms.
Unrest throughout the world is a result of global change. The new reality has not yet been shaped, but it will, perhaps after very painful process, be created in hopes for better living terms for people.